Over the last three years, the technology and software that govern e-commerce, O, and overall business operations have accelerated at a rapid rate. A record number of developers and managers have adopted a myriad of micro services in node.js. There has been an increase in single-page applications that has shifted the fundamental architecture of the internet. As a result, OWASP has had to rework their methods, analytics and re-order their risks for the 2017 report.
These rapid changes came with their own set of disadvantages. The most significant drawback of them all is a compromise of the digital security of healthcare, finance, retail and several other sectors. OWASP has analyzed data collected from over 40 different sources (companies that specialize in application security) and over 100,000 applications already in action and APIs. It is a massive undertaking that has helped OWASP to rate the risks according to weakness detectability, weakness prevalence, technical impacts, and exploitability.
Injection attacks include SQL, LDAP, OS and several other vulnerabilities that allow untrusted data to reach the user as a part of any query or command. It has an easy rate of exploitability (3), standard rate weakness prevalence (2), easy weakness detectability (3) and severe technical impacts (3).
The only way that developers and managers can protect their application from injection attacks is by conducting regular source code reviews. SAST and DAST are great tools that can aid the developers to review the same through integration into the CI/CD pipeline.
- Broken Authentication
Broken Authentication takes the second rank with an easy exploitability (3), common prevalence and average weakness detectability (2 each) and severe technical impacts (3). It happens when the authentication and session management functions do not work correctly for all applications. Hackers can compromise keys, passwords and session tokens by acting as authenticated users.
The best way to protect a database from broken authentication attacks is by implementing multi-factor authentication. Addition of new steps can prevent the prevalence of stolen credential reuse attacks. A double check for weak passwords and limiting the number of login attempts will also help to mitigate broken authentication risks.
- Leaking Sensitive Information
This one has an average exploitability, widespread prevalence, average weakness detectability and severe technical impacts. Disclosure of sensitive data can include exposure of bank details, login credentials, compromise of healthcare information and worse! It usually happens when a user relies on a vulnerable API without proper security firewalls to store sensitive information.
You can prevent your data from landing in the hands of hackers by using APIs from trusted sources. Often using a reliable big data management service like American Tech Pros helps to protect data in storage and transit. Using 128-bit encryption is just one of the ways to fend off these attacks.
- XML External Entities
These have an average exploitability (2), common weakness prevalence (2), easy weakness detectability (3) and severe technical impact (3). You can expose your XML documents to threat when you use processors of XML that do not have proper design and configuration. These corrupt programs can allow attackers to access internal files and expose data. Remote code execution is not uncommon in case of XXE attacks.
Do not serialize sensitive data and do not use simple data formats like JSON. Use XML processors from reliable sources only and patch your old processor for security updates.
- Broken Access Control
This one comes with average exploitability (2), common prevalence (2), average weakness detectability (2) and severe technical impacts (3). Some applications do not have stringent restrictions when it comes to user interactions. Attackers can exploit this limitation to override the accounts of other authentic users.
To prevent the exposure of sensitive content, you need to choose applications that enforce access control. You may seek help from managed IT service experts like American Tech Pros, and they can always alert you when it is necessary. They can help you create server-side controls that will be out of the hacker’s reach.
- Misconfiguration of Security
Security misconfigurations may be common, but they are still a nuisance. They are easily exploitable (3), widespread in weakness prevalence (3), easily detectable (3) and bear moderate technical impact (2). They can result from unsecured cloud storage, error messages with sensitive info, erroneous HTTP headers, and similar vulnerabilities.
As a developer or a manager, you can start by designing a minimal platform for your software that does not have unnecessary features. It reduces the clutter and makes the misconfigurations more visible. Any provider of cloud services New Jersey like American Tech Pros can help you with the auditing process, and they will also help you to secure the data on the cloud.
- Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
It has easy exploitability (3), widespread weakness prevalence (3), easy weakness detectability (3) and moderate technical impact (2). It occurs when an application includes untrusted and unverified data in a webpage. Hackers can use this opportunity to execute random scripts on the victim’s browser.
There are frameworks on React JS and Ruby on Rails that can escape all likes of XSS by dint of design.
- Insecure Deserialization
It is quite difficult to exploit, and it has a severe technical impact. However, it also has common prevalence and average weakness detectability. This most significant risk insecure deserialization poses is the remote execution of codes. Privilege escalation attacks, perform replay attacks and other similar digital offenses are typical examples.
As per data and security experts like the American Tech Pros, you can minimize the risk by employing digital signatures on serialized objects. It can protect your users from insecure deserialization.
- Use of Components With Known Vulnerabilities
It has an average exploitability, widespread prevalence, average weakness detectability and moderate technical impacts. Most applications come with frameworks and libraries. Digital hackers can locate the vulnerabilities in these codes and exploit the information or damage a critical server.
It is your responsibility to ensure the safety of your user’s data. Remove all unnecessary parts of the applications and recheck the framework for vulnerabilities in their core codes.
- Insufficient Monitoring
It is very common, yet very notorious. The average exploitability, widespread prevalence, difficult detectability and average technical impact risk draws attention because of its somewhat obvious nature. Insufficient monitoring can allow hackers to infiltrate the systems more easily.
The countermeasure is fairly simple. Be more vigilant, run real-time checks and reinforce user context with server-side input validation failures. You can also take help from an IT security monitoring company like American Tech Pros to keep your company website safe and apps secure.
The OWASP top 10 risks of 2017 shed light on the most recent hacking trends. It is for helping those who want to make a difference by keeping their consumer data far away from the malware, ransomware, and hackers. Visit https://americantechpros.com/to find out the scores of ways you can mitigate the risks and combat the threats on a regular basis.